Bruxism is abnormal uncontrolled teeth clenching under the action of muscles of mastication occurring mainly during sleep. It results in dental wear with severe complications on the side of temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ). Bruxism occurs in adults and in children; the reasons may vary from abnormal occlusion to psychosomatic factors. Before bruxism treatment the adequate diagnosis of prosthodontist specialized in gnathology is essential.
The purpose of bruxism treatment is to relax muscles and prevent dental abrasion. In order to do so there is a need to make myorelaxant splint and injections of agents that relax muscles. In more complicated clinical cases additionally several other diagnostic examinations and therapeutic manipulations take place. In the presence of bad after-effects namely teeth abrasion, canine or incisive guidance loss the total replacement takes place in order to restore the lost function of mastication.